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Rainfall and water conditions in the region of the upper glacial in Europe

Iwona Cymes 2,  
 
1
Departmentof Water Management Climatology and Environmental Management, Departament of Water Management Climatology and Environmental Management, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn
2
Department of Water Management Climatology and Environmental Management, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn
3
Warmia and Mazury University in Olsztyn, Technical University “Gheorghe Asachi” Iasi, Romania
4
Institute of Meteorology Water Management. Regional Meteorological Station in Olsztyn
5
Technical University “Gheorghe Asachi” Iasi, Romania
Meteorol. Hydrol. Water Manage. 2017;5(1):15–28
Publish date: 2017-01-18
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
The article contains descriptive statistics on rainfall in an area of the southern part of the last ice age in Europe, and which now comprises the north-eastern part of the Poland. The study covers the period of 1981-2010. The sums of the annual and monthly precipitation were calculated, while years and months were evaluated in relation to the multi-annual and monthly averages. The frequency of daily precipitations was also determined. Values of SPI (Standarized Precipitation Index) were calculated together with the values of the Selianinov Index, which measures the environmental aspect of precipitation. The average annual rainfall showed a spatial heterogeneity in the region from 700.1 mm (Elblag in the north-west) to 555.3 mm (Mława) in the east and south-east. The greatest precipitation occurred in the last decade of the analysed period of thirty years. However, statistical analysis shows no significant trend change in precipitation during this period. The number of years with sums of precipitation below 75% of the normal turned out to be very small. In the annual cycle, summer precipitation prevailed. On a monthly basis, the averages sometimes exceeded the multiyear averages by as much as 200%, while extreme lows in monthly precipitation reached levels below 25% of the long-term averages. The calculated value of the SPI indicated that the most common drought conditions occurred in May and June; such droughts did not occur in April and July. The Selianinov Index indicates that the least favorable hydrothermal conditions occur in April and May, while the most favorable conditions occur in August and September.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Zbigniew Szwejkowski   
Departmentof Water Management Climatology and Environmental Management, Departament of Water Management Climatology and Environmental Management, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, pl. łódzki 1/6, 10-718 Olsztyn, Poland
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